Bourbon claim to the Spanish throne - Wikipedia
May 1, Borbón-Parma claim; Borbón claim; Habsburgo-Borbón . whose dates are only approximate (thus the overlap is intentional). date of birth. 11 September Gregorian. 2 references. imported from Wikimedia project · English Wikipedia · stated in · Spanish Biographical Dictionary. date of birth. 26 February Gregorian. 1 reference date of death. 18 June Gregorian . Carlotta di Borbone-Parma. 1 reference. inferred from.
Category:Isabel Alfonsa de Borbón - Wikimedia Commons
However, most present-day scholars refer to his supporters as Carlists; cases of applying the Traditionalist denomination are rather exceptional. Unlike Balmes, Donoso was read and known across Europe, including politicians like Metternich.
In terms of intellectual format none of them is considered comparable to Balmes or Donoso. The faction de-emphasized all non-religious threads, including the legitimist one,  but unlike the Pidalistas they adopted a vehemently intransigent stand towards the Restoration regime.
The scheme was widely accepted in public discourse, and in the late 19th century Spanish press and politicians applied the Traditionalist denomination chiefly to the Integrists. Some deny him Traditionalist credentials altogether.
File:María de las Mercedes de Borbón y thebluetones.info - Wikimedia Commons
Politically Gil remained in-between Integrism and mainstream Carlism. De Mella for some 25 years was considered the key Carlist theorist until in he broke away. He dismissed the Primo de Rivera dictatorship with contempt as an attempt falling dramatically short of a fundamental change needed. Some students consider him representative of Catholic Traditionalism rooted in Balmesian and Menendezpelayista schools.
Traditionalist references are at times applied to CEDA. On the one hand, the emergent Francoism posed as synthesis of all genuinely Spanish political schools, including Traditionalism; the late Pradera was elevated to one of the founding fathers of the system, and some Traditionalist references were ostentatiously boasted as components of the new Spain. On the other hand, marginalized Carlism went into intra-system opposition and its leaders lambasted Francoism as incompatible with Traditionalist political outlook.
A rather derogatory term "neotradicionalismo" has been coined to denote 21st century Traditionalist approach to Carlist history. Some of them maintain publishing houses and award prizes. He found her attractive, and she returned his interest.Historia de la Casa de Habsburgo
There were obstacles to the marriage. Victoria was a Protestantand would have to become a Catholic. Victoria's brother Leopold was a haemophiliacso there was a 50 percent chance that Victoria was a carrier of the trait. Finally, Alfonso's mother Maria Christina wanted him to marry a member of her family, the House of Habsburg-Lorraine or some other Catholic princess, as she considered the Battenbergs to be non-dynastic.
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Victoria was willing to change her religion, and her being a haemophilia carrier was only a possibility. Maria Christina was eventually persuaded to drop her opposition. In January she wrote an official letter to Princess Beatrice proposing the match.
Photograph taken moments after the assassination attempt on Alfonso and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg on their wedding day In May, diplomats of both kingdoms officially executed the agreement of marriage. The wedding was marked by an assassination attempt on Alfonso and Victoria by Catalan anarchist Mateu Morral. As the wedding procession returned to the palace, he threw a bomb from a window which killed or injured several bystanders and members of the procession.
However, Victoria was in fact a haemophilia carrier, and Alfonso inherited the condition. Neither of the two daughters born to the King and Queen were haemophilia carriers, but another of their sons, Gonzalo —had the condition.
Category:Isabel Alfonsa de Borbón
Alfonso distanced himself from his Queen for transmitting the condition to their sons. A sixth illegitimate child had been born before his marriage.
European War Office During World War Ibecause of his family connections with both sides and the division of popular opinion, Spain remained neutral. This office used the Spanish diplomatic and military network abroad to intercede for thousands of POWs — transmitting and receiving letters for them, and other services. Alfonso became gravely ill during the flu pandemic. Fortunately, each Habsburg king had a son to succeed him.
Desperate for a male heir and fearing the extinction of the dynasty, Philip married his late son's intended bride, his own niece, Mariana of Austriathe daughter of his sister Maria Anna of Spain —46 and Emperor Ferdinand III.
The degree of inbreeding between the Spanish and Austrian branches of the House of Habsburg came to its zenith with this marriage and likewise, the resultant offspring was a culmination of nearly a century of incestuous marriages.
This inbreeding in the Habsburg family genealogy had given many in the family hereditary weaknesses and left later generations prone to still-births. Charles's birth was greeted with joy and relief by the Spaniards, who had feared the dispute which could have ensued if Philip IV left no male heir. However, Charles was mentally and physically disabled as well as disfiguredwhich in turn limited his efficacy as a leader  and earned him the name El Hechizado "The Hexed" in Spanish history.
Of Maria's six children, only one survived her, the Dauphin Louiswho died in He acceded to that throne in It is through him that her descendants now reign over Spain. The War of the Spanish Succession was caused by this.