Кувшины антикварные изделия из металла | eBay
Results 97 - of I have been told that the markings on the top (lid) date it between . 15"x10" Handmade Antique Turkish Erzincan Copper Pitcher Ibrik. This copper . A nice primitive tin lamp filler with half lid. $ LARGE TALL Antique Copper PITCHER EWER w/ Strap Handle 1 GALLON 10 1/4" tall. However, despite several attempts to explain them, no one to date has been able to One is a pint bud by William Battison, another is a gallon bud now in the. This very attractive Copper Haystack jug. has Custom & Excise assay marks indicating the capacity of the jug which is half a gallon. It also benefits from a half .
And, copper roofing or cladding will never be discarded or wind up in a landfill. Instead, because of its value, it can be salvaged and recycled. Copper Fact 9 It would be difficult to imagine houses of worship without copper, brass or bronze. The aesthetic and durable metals are found in interior as well as exterior uses and often used for sacred vessels, statuary and decoration - and even most church bells rely on bronze modern, electronic chimes rely on copper-wired circuits.
Copper Fact 10 Sheet copper is available in many varieties: And, as architects are quick to point out, it can be applied in a number of ways: Thousands of examples abound here in the USA and abroad. Copper Fact 11 A copper composite material composed of rigid thermoplastic sheets clad on both sides with copper sheeting is finding growing application for both building exteriors and interiors.
Structures can now be clad with appealing copper, but with much less weight. A stunning example of the material is the headquarters of the Ceridian Corporation in Bloomington, Minnesota. Copper Fact 12 Standing seam copper roofing is rated for resistance to the highest winds in Underwriters Laboratories' tests UL Each year high winds cause billions of dollars of damage to buildings.
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Now architects and contractors have a benchmark specification for roofing that meets the most demanding wind conditions. Copper Fact 13 Copper is used to roof ten major buildings at the U.
It is also used for plumbing, flashing, gutters and downspouts. The copper rolls and sheeting used for the architectural applications were donated by member companies of the Copper Development Association. Copper Fact 14 Roofing manufacturers use granules containing copper oxide in their asphalt shingles to prevent ugly discoloration of their product by algae. Copper ions, which inhibit algae growth, are leached by moisture from the porous ceramic granules, which can last for 25 to 30 years.
Copper Fact 15 Shingles stained with unsightly algae have no copper in the roofing shingle granules to kill the roof algae. To remedy the problem, clean your roof with oxygen bleach and then install copper strips under roofing shingles to keep the black, streaky eyesore at bay. One strip, across the entire roof, having a two-inch exposure should protect 14 to 18 feet of the roof below it.
To install, cut long 7- to 8-inch-wide strips of copper. Slide them up under the shingles until you hit the nails. Then, every four feet or so, lift a shingle tab and drive a copper nail through the copper strip. When you let the shingle tab back down, it should completely cover the nail. The roof is 2, feet more than a half-mile long and feet wide at its widest point. The structure houses the world headquarters of Domino's Pizza among others. Copper Fact 17 Biosphere 2 in the southern Arizona desert is a massive glass building as big as an airport hangar.
Modeled after Earth, it was designed to be completely self-sustaining and capable of supporting human, animal and plant life. Copper tubing is used in the biosphere's extensive air handling and heat exchange systems because of its excellent heat transfer properties and reliability. Copper tubes filled with chilled water cool the air, while simultaneously absorbing the sun's radiant heat inside the dome.
Copper is also used in the electrical wiring, as well as the motors and fans needed to distribute the cooler air. Electrical Copper Fact 1 Copper is the standard benchmark for electrical conductivity. It conducts electrical current better than any other metal except silver. Copper Fact 2 Copper is routinely refined to Copper Fact 3 Number 12 AWG copper wire is the most common size used for branch circuit wiring in buildings. The amount of copper products consumed in the USA in a typical year would make a size 12 wire that could encircle the Earth 2, times or make round trips to the Moon.
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Copper Fact 4 CDA's Electrical Energy Efficiency program illustrates how a simple upsizing of copper conductors used for electrical distribution can earn significant paybacks to building owners, usually within one to two years or less.
The higher the cost per kilowatt-hour, the quicker the payback. Premium motors are not only more efficient mostly because they are made with more copperthey also last much longer and generate less heat. Copper Fact 8 Cummins Inc. This would be the equivalent of the amount of electricity supplied to the State of New York for three months.
Copper in its many varieties is the dominant and favored material whether conductors are used for high-current power distribution or "signal" level currents used for data and telecommunications.
Copper Fact 10 Electric power generators employ electromagnetic principles to convert mechanical energy into electric current through the use of massive copper-wound stators and rotors. Newer and smaller power generators use turbines that are either submerged to capture strong river or tidal currents or elevated to capture the flow of prevailing winds.
Copper Fact 11 Copper plays a crucial role in the delivery of wind energy, based on its high-conductivity, low electrical resistance and resistance to corrosion.
Some wind farms contain more thanfeet of copper wire. Electricity generated through wind power flows through insulated copper cables to a copper-wound transformer. Underground copper cables collect the electricity from the base of each tower and deliver it to a substation that transmits it to the utility grid. Copper Fact 12 Some high-power connectors weigh in at 20 pounds or more, while tiny electronic connectors may weigh as little as a few milligrams with spacing between pins less than half a millimeter.
The United States is the world's leader in the multibillion-dollar connector industry.
Copper Jug | eBay
Copper Fact 13 A practical die-cast copper rotor for electric motors has been the "holy grail" for motor manufacturers for many years. In the late s, a consortium assembled by the Copper Development Association began developing a motor design and suitable die materials for use in casting copper motor rotors. Germany's SEW Eurodrive also offers a series of high-efficiency motors with copper rotors.
Copper-rotor motors have a dramatic increase in motor efficiency. Copper Fact 15 The new motor rotor die-casting technology reduces heat loss and increases motor efficiency by 1. Expressed another way, that could save over 20 billion kilowatt hours of electricity per year, equivalent to 3.
Other benefits are longer motor life, more lightweight motors and a reduction of carbon dioxide and other harmful emissions. Copper Fact 16 Hybrid cars and SUVs use copper-wound induction motors that draw their power from batteries. To help brake the vehicle, the induction motors act as generators, delivering power to be stored in the batteries.
Copper Fact 17 Larger hybrid trucks and buses can be equipped with motors using highly efficient copper rotors. As a single-unit, power-generating solution, these vehicles eliminate the need for additional trucks or trailers to transport external equipment. Copper Fact 19 Copper rotor motors are used in the world-renowned Tesla vehicles. The company's all-electric roadster can do mph in an incredible 3. Its sedan sister a comparative slowpoke takes 5. The vehicles go run miles or miles, respectively, on a single charge.
Copper Fact 20 Researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have built a drill motor that spins at a 1, rpm, that's nearly 17, revolutions per second, at least twice as fast as any motor currently in existence.
The matchbox-sized device uses ultra-thin copper wires for its windings, which are inserted into a cylinder of a "special iron previously unused for machines. The new motor will allow the drilling of holes narrower than the width of a human hair for use in the electronics industry. Copper Fact 21 Power quality problems that plague many modern offices and factories are largely preventable.
Copper-intensive solutions include using larger neutral conductors to handle harmonic loads, better grounding systems to dissipate transients and lightning, and fewer outlets per circuit to lessen interaction between office equipment and computers. Scores of lives and billions of dollars in property could be saved each year if buildings were properly protected against lightning. A single lighting strike at a commercial facility could cause thousands of dollars per hour in lost production.
Copper and its alloys are the most common and most effective materials used in lightning protection. Copper Fact 22 Nearly 50 tons of high conductivity, oxygen-free copper wire was used to make 1, superconducting electromagnets for a collider atomic particle accelerator at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York. The magnets are used in the 2. Copper Fact 23 In one of its most spectacular and futuristic applications, copper provides the matrix in the superconductors used in the CERN Large Hadron Collider, the largest in the world, in Switzerland.
Copper Fact 24 Copper has long been used as the heat exchange medium in solar heating and hot water systems.
Now, it promises to become equally valuable in photovoltaic PV systems.
Copper - Measures - Carter's Price Guide to Antiques and Collectables
These systems produce electricity through the action of sunshine on certain semiconductors. Currently, the most promising material for lower costs and ease of manufacture is copper-indium-gallium-diselenide, or CIGS for short. A number of U. Copper Fact 25 There are solar panels on the roof of a shed on the grounds of the White House. The panels generate direct current collected by tiny copper busbars for conversion to the required alternating current by an inverter.
Throughout this article, when I refer to a fluid ounce I mean the British fluid ounce, which is the volume of one ounce of water, not the American fluid ounce that is their wine pint divided by sixteen. Several eminent scholars have wrestled with what these crowned HR marks signify and I thought it would be useful to assemble and discuss their various theories before adding my own.
If anyone knows the whereabouts of these, I would be grateful for the chance to examine them. We would now date this to the last quarter of the 17th century. Yet, in another article he shows a half-pint hammerhead with five housemarks on the lid and, most unusually, HR struck twice on the lip 4. Was he right and where is this piece now? Peal adds that the HR mark is never seen on double volutes but several are now known.
To the contrary, pewterers were busy producing lids for earthenware pots from the Continent. He suspects this was a certification of capacity and was the crowned hR mark 7.
He uses a later minute from a Court meeting of December 15th to support this assertion. However, these probably were mugs not measures, and may be the banded and sometimes gadrooned mugs, which we find with crowned AR verification marks. Michaelis also points out that many of the balusters under discussion have crowned HR marks either with the City of London Arms or with the sword of St Paul used by the City, and that a number had been dug up in the City or had house marks traceable to known London taverns.
Was this method of sealing restricted to the City of London only? However, Peal did realise that the crowned WR mark was the verification seal of vessels that conformed to a memorandum that standardised ale and wine measures. He thought this referred to the Henry VII standard of Both of these were Tudor badges and the City of Westminster used the portcullis.
We will see that the measures under discussion contain less than