What do you think of the one drop rule? | Yahoo Answers
Once you have discovered how to get started with Sky Yahoo Mail, you can sign in to Sky Yahoo Mail at any time to send and receive emails from your account. One distinctly American form of racial essentialism is the one-drop rule Populations of mixed European, African, and American Indian ancestry date back to the. The One Drop rule says that someone with "one drop" of black blood makes them just black, and that's wrong and racist. It's racist because it.
The original American colonies were formed during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as frontier societies composed of multiple founding populations Klein First among these were the indigenous peoples of North America, who were gradually displaced or absorbed by the more numerous European settlers and indentured servants from various parts of the world. Africans were imported primarily as slave labor from the Caribbean and West Africa, although some arrived as indentured servants on terms similar to whites.
In the middle decades of the seventeenth century, some blacks became free settlers, but by the close of the seventeenth century, slavery and African heritage became nearly synonymous Fredrickson With unbalanced sex ratios in frontier settings, large populations of mixed ancestry soon emerged, particularly in Southern colonies Davis While some unions were the result of intermarriage or consensual liaisons, there was also widespread sexual exploitation of black women by white slave owners Fredrickson The ethnic and racial landscape became even more complex during the nineteenth century.
Continental expansion added lands that had been home to Native Americans and peoples of mixed indigenous and Spanish origin, and successive waves of immigration from Europe and Asia fueled the rapid growth of an increasingly diverse population. Tracking the mixed and un-mixed descendants from these many threads is a theoretical possibility, but not one that can be easily accomplished with historical or contemporary data.
The problem is that the differential rates of settlement, natural increase, and intermarriage or sexual unions that produced progeny of mixed ancestry are largely unknown.
What do you think of the one drop rule?
Small differences in assumptions about the relative magnitudes of these processes can lead to greatly different estimates of the ancestral origins of the contemporary American population. An even greater obstacle to describing the ethnic makeup of the American people is the assumption that most people are able and willing to accurately report the origins of their parents, grandparents, and more distant ancestors. In many cases, knowledge of ancestral origins is passed along in families or communities, but in some cases these narratives are suppressed or simply lost to history.
As a result, the racial and ethnic composition recorded in censuses, surveys, and administrative records reflects a large degree of subjectivity and even speculation, in addition to actual patterns of genealogical descent. Methodological studies of census questions about race and ethnicity, for instance, show that responses are affected, often remarkably so, by the format of questions, the listed choices, and the examples included in questionnaire instructions Farley ; Hirschman, Alba, and Farley In this article, we argue that responses to census questions about race and ethnicity measure identity, which is theoretically distinct from ancestry, the geographic origins of one's ancestors.
One Drop Rule | Abagond
While ancestral origins are potentially objective facts, identities are subjective articulations of group membership and affinity. Ancestry influences identities, but its impact is mediated by a number of factors, including ethnic admixture blendingthe awareness and preservation of knowledge about ancestral origins, prevailing ideologies about race and racial divisions, and the number of generations removed from the arrival of immigrant ancestors. With an awareness of these limitations, we offer an in-depth portrait of the racial and ethnic composition of the American population, circaframed within a historical perspective of how racial and ethnic identities have evolved in the United States.
For recent arrivals, especially from Asia and Latin America, we note the impact of immigration and report on the emergence of multiracial and panethnic identities.
- Halle Berry Raises Questions About Biracial Children
- Report Abuse
- Biracial Daughter Insisted She Was White
For populations long resident in the United States, we examine reports of ancestry to assess the residue of historical patterns of ethnic blending and ethno-racial hierarchies. If race and ethnicity were purely cultural phenomena, with little attachment to stratification and political processes, we would expect the long-term outcome to be increasing racial and ethnic entropy—the gradual weakening and eventual disappearance of race and ethnicity as distinct groups with clear boundaries.
Our analyses of the census reveal two patterns through which this increase in entropy can take place: By Americanization we refer to the replacement of detailed ethnic origins with simplified panethnic or racial categories, which are shaped and often reinforced by political and socioeconomic divisions. This process is most advanced for blacks and whites, who acknowledge relatively little ethnic complexity or detail and virtually no overlap with one another.
A different pattern is evident for descendants of the indigenous peoples of North America and the Pacific Islands, who disproportionately report mixed-race ancestries. How race and ethnicity are measured Relative to other topics in the decennial census, race and ethnicity comprise a large portion of the questionnaire. One in seven new marriages is between spouses of different races or ethnicities, according to data from and that was analyzed by the Pew Research Center.
How to use Sky Yahoo Mail | Sky Help | thebluetones.info
The United States is having a demographic shift driven by immigration and intermarriage, one that is expected to accelerate, according to a report in The New York Times. Dionne Ford, a writer from Montclair, N. Their two daughters, 11 and 9, consider themselves biracial.
She described how she felt about her daughter's ambivalence in an essay, "Black on the Inside," that was published in Brain Child magazine. I am black, cocoa-colored like my grandmothers from Arkansas and Mississippi. I want Desiree, as a biracial child, to self-identify, to not let others box her into some container too small to hold all of her. But I never told her she had to choose one or the other. Ford's own background is racially ambiguous and she has devoted much of her time writing a blog about her family history, "Finding Josephine.
That was the case with her grandfather, who "looked totally like a white man. One has to understand he came up in a time that if he had tried something like that there would have been a punishment for being caught passing. Ford is critical of the racial tug-of-war between Halle Berry and her husband. Her mother was white and her father was black. Today, Americans come in all colors and ethnicities.