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A new culture that uses all the qualities inherited from our forefathers as a fuse to ignite all the potential they have at hand, and forge with wisdom and love for one another the ideal society once predicted by the gods!
Book information is available at http: Ricardo is based in El Paso, TX. Contact Ricardo at Rico SimonBook. Great News, read the following!!!! I apologize for not responding to your e-mail sooner. I agree with the recommendation, and an article is in the planning stages. Thanks again for taking the time to send us your suggestion. Immigrants emigrating from Calif. Hispanic, black and Asian immigrants are leaving states that are traditional immigrant gateways for the same reasons that others are leaving: In the Midwest and Southeast, immigrants are filling farm and factory jobs abandoned by U.
The report also shows that a smaller share of new arrivals are settling in states that have been immigrant magnets. He sends word to Mexico that, 'Hey, there are jobs here. Immigrants moving to California from other states are better educated than those leaving.
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More education can result in more money to cover California's high cost of living. In most cases, if more U. New Jersey and Michigan were exceptions. They both lost natives but gained immigrants. Georgia topped the list of states with the fastest-growing Latino populations, adding nearly 17 percent between July and July to reachresidents, according to Census Bureau estimates being released Thursday.
Los Angeles County had the largest population of Hispanics among counties 4.
Hispanics are the nation's largest minority group. The Census Bureau released a report in June that found the Latino population stood at That was four times the growth rate for the U. As the population grows, Hispanics are becoming a more influential and desirable market.
Steidley said he would like to see that percentage increase. De Oro Group, U. Bank Home Mortgage and Freddie Mac announced today that they are teaming up to bring the dream of homeownership to thousands of Hispanic families.
Through the new partnership, the De Oro Group, one of the largest Latino- owned mortgage companies in Southern California, will benefit from increased access to the secondary mortgage market through U. Bank Home Mortgage, a prominent Freddie Mac lender customer. Bank Home Mortgage and Freddie Mac are also offering technical, financial and marketing expertise including an affordable mortgage product specially designed to help more Hispanic and other borrowers achieve homeownership.
This important joint effort leverages the key strengths of each participant to achieve a common goal of expanding minority homeownership. Bank Home Mortgage, and Freddie Mac's affordable mortgage product and secondary market expertise. The new alliance supports Freddie Mac's Catch the Dream initiative announced last year in support of President Bush's Blueprint for the American Dream, which calls for 5. As part of this effort, Freddie Mac has committed to increase its mortgage purchases to support minority homeownership and announced 25 initiatives designed to eliminate the barriers faced by minority families.
Our initiative with the De Oro Group, U. It is also supported by a contribution from Wells Fargo Bank. It's just a major achievement to get him here. After graduation, he made his living working in an advertising agency for seven years, before publishing his first novel, "Our House in the Last World," in and earning a creative writing fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts.
And init won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature. Leal, who is credited with being the first to bring attention and credibility to Mexican, Latin American and Chicano writers during his year academic career, said he is honored to be the namesake of the award and to have Hijuelos selected as its first recipient.
Espeuelas Aiming at U. Espuelas' first produced program will likely be a talk show about successful Hispanics in the United States. This genre has a strong following in the region and hosts like Miami-based Cristina Saralegui or Laura Bozzo from Peru share the same star status that Oprah Winfrey news does.
Language problema numero uno cultural barrier in American society — discrimination and racism numero dos y tres. The Hispanic Business Roundtable poll indicated that a Following the language barrier, discrimination and racism stand as the second greatest obstacle to surmount Speaking at an event organized by the American Chamber of Commerce in Mexico City, Derbez said Washington has to "view migration as a positive thing" and can no longer afford to ignore the plight of millions of Mexicans who risk their lives to sneak into the United States and go to work.
It's going to be a fundamentally important subject for the United States in the future because of the fact that its population is reaching retirement age at an accelerated rate," Derbez said. Gypsies have constituted the quintessential pariah group in Europe owing to their dark skin, foreign tongue, nomadic ways, and their fierce independence and defense of Gypsy culture.
Roma operated at the margins of society and, in response to discriminatory laws, some got involved in shady or criminal activities, which gave rise to stereotypes that have plagued the entire people. Gitanos came from Spain to the Americas early on. Various expulsion attempts of the Roma from Spain were made as early as and beginning in the 16th century substantial numbers of Roma were shipped off to the Americas, while others came of their own volition.
Many gitanos were transported to the New World out of a desire to get rid of them, in stark contrast to the shipment of Black Africans who were brought to the Americas for economic reasons. Gitanos continued to be exploited and persecuted in the Spanish colonies in which they came to form an underclass. In Mexico, as elsewhere, some gitanos eventually became involved in extra-legal activities. The concept of mexicanos as being los hijos de la chingada the sons of the violated one, i.
One can refer to the writings of Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes for extensive commentary about this complex phenomenon. There have been two foci of the pachuco world: El Paso is a caldron of conflict and creativity, a place where worlds collide — the Mexican and the North American. Certainly, much of pachuco culture was created in El Paso. However, Los Angeles is where the full expression of pachuco culture took place and where its most assertive expressions were displayed for all to see.
The Mask, with Jim Carrey, features this star also wearing a zoot suit, although the movie is not explicitly about pachucos. These are words from old Spanish that are common in New Mexico and in rural areas of Mexico. Pachucos also utilized such words, being that they were sometimes from these communities. These are terms that are derived from English or that have been literally translated into Spanish.
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Various sources attribute chante as deriving from "shanty". Since chante is an old word that exists and is used in central Mexico, far removed from English influence, it is certain that "shanty" has no relevance. Note that chantarse or achantarse means "to get married" in pachuco — you are setting up house when you get married — similar to the standard Spanish casa house and casarse to get married. There are two types: These are standard words that are adopted with changes or extensions of meanings.
Thus, al alba — alert, sharp, smart — usually "at dawn" — the early bird gets the worm, i.
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Plays on words alterations. The metaphors and alterations exemplify the true sense of playful spirit and inventiveness of the language of the pachucos. Inventions or words of uncertain origin. Cobos claims ramfla comes from the English word "rambler" which I doubtwhile others state that ranfla is a Mexican colloquialism for "old vehicle".
Thus, the language of the pachucos was complex and inventive. In New Mexico I have encountered those who say that pachuquismo was a Los Angeles phenomenon and deny that our home was ever a stage for pachucos. This is a historical blindness induced by shame and antagonism. World War II marked the zenith of pachuco cultural influence among la raza. Pachucos soared onto the national stage due to the infamous "Zoot Suit Riots" that occurred during June in Los Angeles. It would be more accurate to call these disturbances the "Sailor Riots" since they were characterized by attacks by American sailors and other servicemen on zoot suiters.
Conflicts over access to women aggravated the relations between the mostly white servicemen and zoot suiters, who were mostly Black and Mexican. The Chicano zoot suiters or pachucos were also targets because they were viewed as avoiding military service by means of questionable tactics and they were conspicuously different in language, dress, deportment and skin color.
A zoot suit featured a knee-length coat with outrageously padded shoulders. The zoot suiter topped things off with a wide-brimmed pancake tando hat and a long gold chain hanging down to his knees. The zoot suit, which required yards of war-rationed material, became the symbol of the pachuco uniform and attitude and it was a target of disdain and attacks by the servicemen in Los Angeles in The harassment spread to all Mexican American youth, pachuco or not, some of whom had the bad luck simply of affecting the zoot suit style of dress.
The servicemen often stripped the zoot suiters of their clothes and sometimes cut their ducktails. Local newspapers played an important role in fomenting an atmosphere of racial hysteria against Blacks, Filipinos and Mexicans that resulted in violence. Meanwhile, the police stood aside or even aided the rioting servicemen.
The Los Angeles City Council got into the act by making it "a jail offense to wear zoot suits with reet pleats within the city limits of L.
Mexican Americans throughout Los Angeles became confused and frightened over the hatred and violence directed against their youth. A lot of raza did not care much for pachucos themselves, but it disturbed the Mexican community that many non-pachuco youngsters were also the targets of racist attacks.
Finally, the military authorities did what the L. No disciplinary actions were taken against the servicemen, but the jails were full of Mexicans and Blacks.
Race riots later spread to Phoenix, Chicago, Philadelphia and New York during that hot summer of Pachucos were alienated from both traditional Mexican American society and from the mainstream American way of life. Youth everywhere have questions of identity — who am I? Certainly, rebellious youth everywhere do similar things, but mainline Anglo American kids were not the victims of racism and class discrimination as were the pachucos. La pachucada flaunted an independent spirit that would not take any crap from anyone.
During the Chicano Movement of the late s and s pachucos became a symbol of resistance and cultural pride. Pachucos themselves were thoroughly non-political and they never sought to organize their communities outside of their own immediate clicas. Thus, it is ironic that the distant and alienated pachuco was redefined as a revolutionary, a cultural hero.
He would combine the colors on a single disk and make psychedelic combinations long before the hippies came up with the idea. Count was into drugs — marihuana and harder stuff.
His second wife finally gave him an ultimatum to choose either drugs or her. He chose her and cleaned up his act. He just smiled and shrugged his shoulders, although it was clear that he regretted his previous behavior.
Count died at the young age of 40, the victim of chemical poisoning that he contracted at a job with a refrigeration company. I got the chance to visit him a few years before he passed away and he was gracious and generous with me in spite of the conflict he had with my family.
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His daughter my niece ran across Dave Brubeck a few years ago and he still remembered Count fondly. Many people found Count unforgettable.CÓMO ELEGIR EL MEJOR NOMBRE PARA TU MARCA // César Dabián
Pachucos had their day in the sun during the s and 50s. Their heirs in the s and 70s were the vatos locos or cholos and today it is the homeboys who carry on the spirit and some of the tradition of the pachucos.
The spirit of the pachuco speaks to us even to this day. My son plays guitar in a global Latin music band and I had occasion to be at one of his gigs. Count would have felt right at home. You'd think the greatest threat to the republic wasn't terrorism, but the suspicious hyphen. How can you be a loyal American and still cling to your Mexican, Chicano or other ethnic roots? Not even American of Mexican descent. Just call me American, period. And my English is better and I am more Americanized than she ever was.
The lesson I eventually learned from those tortured discussions was that we should separate ethnicity from American national identity in much the same way we have separated church and state in our form of government. We can choose to be as culturally Mexican, Vietnamese, Italian or Cuban as we like and still be percent American citizens. Of course it doesn't. One would never ask an Irish-American on St. Patrick's Day if he's loyal to America.
So what does it mean then, really, to be Mexican-American? It surely involves the pleasures of food, language, music and holiday customs. But on a deeper level, being Mexican-American means that this group's ethnic culture will form the core of a large, regional identity evolving in the Southwest and parts of the West. Does this spell a Mexican ''reconquista''?
Of all the experiences of being Mexican-American, one of the most important is an awareness that cultural assimilation is a two-way street. I will become more like you and you will become more like me. New cultures evolve by borrowing and sharing. Mexican-Americans have become who they are after centuries of cultural evolution between Spaniards and Indians and blacks in Mexico, and then from decades of acculturation between Mexicans and Americans in the United States.
So, being Mexican-American shouldn't be seen as holding on to a foreign identity. It's another way of being an American, so much so that you can now buy a piece of Mexican-American culture at the all-American shopping mall.
Young Latinas are not supposed to spend time away from home unescorted by a family member.
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The Girl Scouts of Tejas Council says that of the 3, girls to join in the last two years, 2, are Hispanic. This follows a national trend. Bilingual pamphlets are distributed to homes and schools, there are advertisements in Spanish, and word-of-mouth is growing. Norma Uriarte is allowing her two daughters - 7-year-old Alexandra and 6-year-old Stephanie - to participate in the organization's functions and perhaps one day go on camping trips.
The brochure and the girls' enthusiasm convinced her that Girl Scouts would be something positive for her daughters. However, other immigrant families don't know the significance of being a Girl Scout because the organization is uncommon in their countries.
Additionally, it is unusual in Latin America for daughters to travel or sleep outside their homes without their parents or siblings, said Laura Gonzalez, anthropology professor at the University of Texas at Dallas. That's why they don't want them to go to a university far away from home. It's part of the Latin culture," Gonzalez said. Gradually, the taboo is breaking apart because of the work by people such as Martinez and Irene Olivares, leader of Girl Scout Troop Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities http: One Dupont Circle N.
Suite Washington D. Unfortunately, according to recent figures education isn't a priority among Hispanics. In the year64 percent of Hispanic 18 to year-olds had completed secondary schooling, compared to 92 percent of Whites and 84 percent of Blacks.
The average status dropout rate for Hispanics is partly attributable to the markedly higher dropout rates among Hispanic immigrants. Hispanic immigrants' dropout rate is 44 percent, higher than the rate for first-generation Hispanic youth, which is 14 percent and 8.
According to a study done by the Pew Hispanic Center, one of the reasons why there's a huge difference between Hispanic immigrants' drop out rates and U. Nonetheless, they are still considered dropouts if they did not complete high school in their country of origin. In the case of the Hispanic youths educated in Mexico nearly all of them haven't completed high-school.