Mexico officially the United Mexican States is a country in the southern portion of North America Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about BC and is identified as one of five and the culture of Spain, imparted during Spain's year occupation of Mexico. "Rinde AMLO protesta como "presidente legítimo"". Casual conversations with Spanish speakers are a fun and easy way to 20 Spanish Phrases and Questions for Conversation Practice. 1. ¿Cuál es tu restaurante favorito?/ (What is your profession?) . Joan B. King Leonidas of Sparta and a force of men fight the Persians at Gerard Butler in () () Tyrone Benskin and Michael .. Release Date.
The hegemonic nature of the Aztec empire was demonstrated by their restoration of local rulers to their former position after their city-state was conquered.
The Aztec did not interfere in local affairs, as long as the tributes were paid. The Aztec of Central Mexico built a tributary empire covering most of central Mexico. Along with this practice, they avoided killing enemies on the battlefield. Their warring casualty rate was far lower than that of their Spanish counterparts, whose principal objective was immediate slaughter during battle.
Over the next centuries many Mexican indigenous cultures were gradually subjected to Spanish colonial rule by more conquests. The Spanish first learned of Mexico during the Juan de Grijalva expedition of The natives kept "repeating: Colua, Colua, and Mexico, Mexico, but we [explorers] did not know what Colua or Mexico meant", until encountering Montezuma's governor at the mouth of the Rio de las Banderas.
After taking control of that city, he moved on to the Aztec capital. It killed more than 3 million natives as they had no immunity. Any population estimate of pre-Columbian Mexico is bound to be a guess but 8—12 million is often suggested for the area encompassed by the modern nation. Painting, Smallpox was a devastating disease: At first, the Aztecs believed the epidemic was a punishment from an angry god, but they later accepted their fate and no longer resisted the Spanish rule.
Much of the identity, traditions and architecture of Mexico developed during the year colonial period. The Spanish Monarch was the maximum authority in New Spain and ruled via a viceroy.
The Kingdom of New Spain was created from the remnants of the Aztec hegemonic empire. Subsequent enlargements, such as the conquest of the Tarascan stateresulted in the creation of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in The Viceroyalty at its greatest extent included the territories of modern Mexico, Central America as far south as Costa Rica, and the western United States.
The indigenous population stabilized around one to one and a half million individuals in the 17th century from the most commonly accepted five to ten million pre-contact population.
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The population decline was primarily the result of communicable diseases, particularly smallpoxintroduced during the Columbian Exchange. During the three hundred years of the colonial era, Mexico received betweenandEuropeans, between andAfricans  and between 40, andAsians.
Upper administrative offices were closed to native-born people, even those of pure Spanish blood criollos. Administration was based on the racial separationamong "Republics" of Spaniards, Amerindians and castasautonomous and directly dependent on the king himself. The Marian apparitions to Saint Juan Diego gave impetus to the evangelization of central Mexico. The Virgin of Guadalupe became a symbol of criollo patriotism  and was used by the insurgents that followed Miguel Hidalgo during the War of Independence.
The rich deposits of silver, particularly in Zacatecas and Guanajuatoresulted in silver extraction dominating the economy of New Spain. Taxes on silver production became a major source of income for Spain. Other important industries were the haciendas functioning under the encomienda and repartimiento systems and mercantile activities in the main cities and ports. Wealth created during the colonial era spurred the development of New Spanish Baroque.
As a result of its trade links with Asia, the rest of the Americas, Africa and Europe and the profound effect of New World silvercentral Mexico was one of the first regions to be incorporated into a globalized economy. The album was released in June and featured "Magia" and three other singles.
Though it fared well on Colombian radio and gave the young Shakira much exposure, the album did not fare well commercially as only 1, copies were sold worldwide. The festival gave aspiring Latin American singers a chance to perform their songs, and the winner was then chosen by a panel of judges. Shakira performed the ballad "Eres" "You Are" and won the trophy for third place. One of the judges who voted for her to win was the then 20 year old Ricky Martin whose initial prominence had come from his membership in Menudo.
Shakira's second studio album, titled Peligrowas released in March, but Shakira was not pleased with the final result, mainly taking issue with the production. The album was better received than Magia had been, though it was also considered a commercial failure due to Shakira's refusal to advertise or promote it. Shakira then decided to take a hiatus from recording so that she could graduate from high school. Latin breakthrough Main articles: Ochoa, using musical influences from a number of countries and an Alanis Morissette -oriented persona which affected two of her next albums.
The album, Pies Descalzoswas released in February It only managed to reach number one-hundred-eighty on the U. Billboard but reached number five on the U. Billboard Top Latin Albums chart. Latin chart, " Un Poco de Amor " which reached number six on the U.
Latin chart, and " Se quiere, Se Mata " which reached number eight on the U. The tour consisted of 20 shows and ended in The Remixes also included Portuguese versions of some of her well-known songs, which were recorded as a result of her success in the Brazilian market, where Pies Descalzos sold nearly one million copies.
This, produced entirely by Shakira herself and Emilio Estefan, Jr. The album, inspired by an incident in an airport in which a suitcase filled with her written lyrics was stolen, became a bigger hit than Pies Descalzos. The album has reached a peak position of number on the U. Billboard and held the top spot on the U. Latin Albums chart for 11 weeks. It has since sold over 10 million copies worldwide  and 1. The latter two songs won Shakira one Latin Grammy each, with six of the eight singles reaching the top 40 on the U.
Mexico - Wikipedia
Highly acclaimed by American critics, it is rated as one of her best-ever live performances. English transition with Laundry Service Main articles: The song took heavy influence from Andean musicincluding the charango and panpipes in its instrumentation. It became an international success by reaching number one in most countries.
It was also her first success in the U. The album debuted at number three on the U.
Billboard chart, selling overrecords in its first week. Because the album was created for the English-language market, the rock and Spanish dance-influenced album gained mild critical success, with some critics claiming that her English skills were too weak for her to write songs for it; Rolling Stonefor one, stated that "she sounds downright silly" or "Shakira's magic is lost in translation". The album earned her the title as the biggest Latin female crossover artist in the world.
In November, she embarked on the Tour of the Mongoose with 61 shows occurring by May The lead single from the album, " La Tortura ", reached the top 40 on the Hot The song also featured the Spanish balladeer Alejandro Sanz.
Contrary to low expectations,[ citation needed ] the album was extremely well received. It debuted at number four on the Billboard chart, sellingcopies in its first week.
Shakira - Wikipedia
It has since sold over two million copies in the U. Due to its first week sales, the album became the highest debut ever for a Spanish language album. After only a day of release in Latin America, the album earned certifications.
In Venezuela, it earned a Platinum certification, in Colombia, a triple Platinum certification, while in Mexico demand exceeded shipments and the album was unavailable after only one day of release. The album sold over one million copies in three days worldwide. Four other singles were also released from the album. It did, however, reach the top 20 in most countries worldwide. Shakira's second English studio album and seventh studio album, Oral Fixation, Vol.
The album debuted at number five on the Billboardsellingcopies in its first week. The album has gone on to sell 1. The song went on to become the highest selling single of the 21st century   and became Shakira's first number one single on the Billboard Hotin addition to reaching number one in over 55 countries.
Shakira later released the third and final single from the album, " Illegal ", which featured Carlos Santanain November She then embarked on the Oral Fixation Tourwhich began in June The tour consisted of shows between June and July and visited six continents. In Aprilthe single jumped 91 positions, from 94 to three, on the Billboard Hot chart, setting the record for the largest upward movement in the history of the chart at the time.
It was also number one on the official UK Singles Chart.