British Army soldiers up to - The National Archives
British Military Medals by Peter Duckers (Pen and Sword, Public Record Office Northern Ireland: Holds some copies dating to. Clear search Death date – if the individual died during service the series WO 97 is titled Chelsea pensioners British Army service records , which. Royal Navy. Royal Marines. Army. 5 Search Strategies . British Royal Air Force, Airmen's Service Records , ($), index . arranged records of marines exist from , some by enlistment date and.
Monthly and quarterly regimental muster rolls and pay lists Though the appearance of individuals on muster rolls and pay lists are not determiners of whether or not they received a pension, they are particularly useful records for men who were not discharged to pension as they provide the enlistment date, movements and discharge date of all soldiers in the British Army.
Refer to the British Army muster rolls and pay lists c. For tobrowse WO 16 to find the relevant regiment or regimental district.
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Discharge papers Trying to trace an individual soldier in this way can be time-consuming, with no guarantee of success. The registers are not complete but they are a useful potential source of information. Soldiers who died in service If a soldier died in service the principal personnel records that were retained for soldiers those used for pension purposes are less likely to exist.
There are, however, some records that were created as a result of a soldier dying in service: The ledgers were created as a list of the monies owed to soldiers who died in service. They do not list any personal items that may have been returned to the next of kin. The information they typically contain is: Royal Artillery personnel records Until ordnance troops, which included the Royal Artillery, were the responsibility of the Board of Ordnance, not the War Office.
There are therefore some series of records specifically for Royal Artillery personnel. You can search by name in our catalogue within WO This series also contains other useful material, up to The records are in the following series: The ranks covered by the records detailed in this guide include Private, Lance Corporal, Corporal, Sergeant, and Warrant Officer — but not commissioned officer ranks.
Most soldiers were issued with campaign medals; some were also awarded medals for gallantry and meritorious service.
Researching Military Records
Unit war diaries You will need to know which unit a soldier served with to effectively search these records; in most diaries only officers are mentioned by name. Whether other records survive or ever existed for a soldier depend upon a number of variable factors. If, for example, a soldier was wounded, taken prisoner or was granted an army pension, records may survive recording these events. Online records Many records held at The National Archives are available online, some of them on partner websites, others on our own website.
For details of other online First World War records, see the Records in other archives and organisations listed below. The service records in WO and WO include regiments such as: You will need to contact their respective archives for advice on how to locate these records. Medal roll index cards, These cards, along with the medal rolls to which they form an index see belowwere created primarily to record the awarding of campaign medals.
A guide to regimental and corps museums can be found on the National Army Museum's website at: Medals awarded for acts of gallantry can also help to build up a picture of an individual's wartime service. The citation text explaining why the award was given can sometimes be found in archive copies of the London Gazette - again available at The National Archives or online at www.
Gazettes are the official newspaper of the state and contain information about officers' commissions, honours and awards. A sad fact, perhaps, but information about those who died during the two world wars is often the easiest to trace.
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In part, this is because of the work of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, whose records are readily available to the public, but local war memorials, parish records, newspaper archives, Honour Rolls and other publications greatly assist the researcher engaged in this particular field.
Top Searching for records of the war dead The Commonwealth War Graves Commission is perhaps best known for the maintenance of the cemeteries and memorials in its care, but through its public enquiry service it also makes available details of the places of burial or commemoration of the Commonwealth's 1.
WW1 Military Service Records
The Commission also keeps a roll of honour recording the names of some 66, civilians who died as a result of enemy action during World War Two. The Commission's military records were compiled from contributions by the service authorities of what would now be known as the Commonwealth governments. In the Commission computerised its paper records to safeguard the original documents and to tackle the ever-increasing number of enquiries and the growing complexity of requests.
The resulting database enables the Commission's enquiries department to respond quickly and efficiently to approximately 40, postal and telephone enquiries annually, as well as provide more specialised services such as searches on family name, regiment or home town as criteria - increasingly important for schools and researchers.
WW1 Military Service Records
A simplified 'search by surname' version of the database was made available at the Commission's website - www. The Debt of Honour register, as it is known, has been deliberately kept as simple as possible and contains sections on frequently asked questions, advice and useful addresses. However, a word of caution that applies to all research in this field: Always try to corroborate with medals, newspaper cuttings and letters.
What information does the Commission have?