Guru - Wikipedia
Guru A guru (Sanskrit: गुरु) is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge, The word comes from Sanskrit Gu, darkness, and Ru, light ( prakash); literally a preceptor Name, Date of birth, Guruship on, Date of ascension, Age. Sanskrit, meaning 'perfected' or 'refined', is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, of of all attested human The oldest form of Sanskrit is Vedic Sanskrit that dates back to the 2nd millennium BCE. guru, guru-s 'one to be honored, teacher'. Sanskrit prosody or Chandas refers to one of the six Vedangas, or limbs of Vedic studies. It is the study of poetic metres and verse in Sanskrit. This field of study.
It is also used for teacher or guide in the religious or sense, and is commonly used in HinduismBuddhism and Sikhismas well as in some new religious movements.
The guru is seen in these religions as a sacred conduit for wisdom and guidance, and finding a true guru is often held to be a prerequisite for attaining self-realization. In Western usage, the meaning of guru has been extended to cover anyone who acquires followers, though not necessarily in an established school of philosophy or religion.
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The Guru in Hinduism the nearest word in english for guru is great. The gravity forest is known as Gurutwa. Krishna speaks to Arjuna of the importance of finding a guru: Acquire the transcendental knowledge from a Self-realized master by humble reverence, by sincere inquiry, and by service.
The wise ones who have realized the Truth will impart the Knowledge to you. In Indian culture, a person without a guru or a teacher acharya was once looked down on as an orphan or unfortunate one.
A guru also gives diksha initiation which is the spiritual awakening of the disciple by the grace of the guru. Diksha is also considered to be the procedure of bestowing the divine powers of a guru upon the disciple, through which the disciple progresses continuously along the path to divinity.
Guru and God Gurus do not appeal to scriptures for their authority, nor are they prophets who declare the will of God.
Indeed, there is an understanding in some forms of Hinduism that if the devotee were presented with the guru and God, first he would pay respect to the guru, since the guru had been instrumental in leading him to God. Saints and poets in India have expressed the following views about the relationship between Guru and God: Guru and God both appear before me. To whom should I prostrate? I bow before Guru who introduced God to me.
It is my great fortune that I found Satguru, all my doubts are removed. I bow before Guru. Guru is Shiva without his three eyes, Vishnu without his four arms Brahma without his four heads. He is parama Shiva himself in human form Adi Shankara begins his Gurustotram or Verses to the Guru with the following Sanskrit Slokathat has become a widely sung Bhajan: Guru is directly the supreme spirit — I offer my salutations to this Guru.
Guru Granth Sahib
The guru-shishya tradition Main article: The student eventually masters the knowledge that the guru embodies. The dialogue between guru and disciple is a fundamental component of Hinduism, established in the oral traditions of the Upanishads c.Guru: Manorama speaks about the Sanskrit word Guru
The historical records indicate that three public programs of the recitation of the Bhagwatam and the discourses on Krishn leelas had happened in Sanskrit language in BC, BC and BC in which Saints and the devotees participated. Later on when the population increased, the prakrit form of speech with partly mispronounced words called apbhranshas was developed in the less educated society and became popular. The Manu Smriti says that the ambitious chatriyas of Bharatvarsh went abroad to the neighboring countries to establish their new kingdoms and, as they were cut off from the mainstream of the Bhartiya civilization and culture, they developed their own language and civilization as time went on.
Sanskrit - Wikipedia
Natural calamities such as ice ages totally shattered their civilizations but still the survivors, in the spoken form of their primitive languages, held many apbhransh words of the original Sanskrit language which their remote ancestors had retained in their memory. As a result of this affiliation with Bhartiya culture and the Sanskrit language, Sanskrit became the origin of the growth of the literary development in other languages of the world.
The phonology the speech sound and morphology the science of word formation of the Sanskrit language is entirely different from all of the languages of the world. Some of the unique features of Sanskrit are: The sound of each of the 36 consonants and the 16 vowels of Sanskrit are fixed and precise since the very beginning.
They were never changed, altered, improved or modified.
All the words of the Sanskrit language always had the same pronunciation as they have today. The reason is its absolute perfection by its own nature and formation, because it was the first language of the world. The morphology of word formation is unique and of its own kind where a word is formed from a tiny seed root called dhatu in a precise grammatical order which has been the same since the very beginning. Any number of desired words could be created through its root words and the prefix and suffix system as detailed in the Ashtadhyayi of Panini.