33 English words and phrases for talking about your extended family | thebluetones.info
Although first-cousin marriages are legal in Britain, there have been calls to Professor Spencer, an evolutionary zoologist, said these laws. I can't tell (without more context) if your brother-in-law is your sister's According to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), our word cousin first. Let’s assume your sister and her boyfriend do get married. Then your sister and her boyfriend are now husband and wife. Your brother-in-law’s cousin is his relative — but not your relative in terms of the law or genealogy.
Is it okay to date your brother’s wife’s cousin? Flowchart it.
Reportedly, it is a custom that in such marriages at least one spouse must be a relative, and generally such spouses were the preferred or favorite wives in the marriage and gave birth to more children. However, this was not a general study of Yoruba, but only of highly polygynous Yoruba residing in Oka Akoko. Men are forbidden to marry within their own patrilineage or those of their mother or father's mother and must marry outside their own village. Igbo are almost entirely Christian, having converted heavily under colonialism.
The prospect of a man marrying a former wife's "sister" was seen as incest, and conversely for a woman and her former husband's "brother". Only Austria, Hungary, and Spain banned cousin marriage throughout the 19th century, with dispensations being available from the government in the last two countries.
The writings of Scottish deputy commissioner for lunacy Arthur Mitchell claiming that cousin marriage had injurious effects on offspring were largely contradicted by researchers such as Alan Huth and George Darwin. Later studies by George Darwin found results that resemble those estimated today. His father, Charles Darwin, who did marry his first cousin, had initially speculated that cousin marriage might pose serious risks, but perhaps in response to his son's work, these thoughts were omitted from a later version of the book they published.
When a question about cousin marriage was eventually considered in for the census, according to George Darwin, it was rejected on the grounds that the idle curiosity of philosophers was not to be satisfied.
Anthropologist Jack Goody said that cousin marriage was a typical pattern in Rome, based on the marriage of four children of Emperor Constantine to their first cousins and on writings by Plutarch and Livy indicating the proscription of cousin marriage in the early Republic. Such marriages carried no social stigma in the late Republic and early Empire.
They cite the example of Cicero attacking Mark Antony not on the grounds of cousin marriage, but instead on grounds of Antony's divorce. Shaw and Saller propose in their thesis of low cousin marriage rates that as families from different regions were incorporated into the imperial Roman nobility, exogamy was necessary to accommodate them and to avoid destabilizing the Roman social structure.
Their data from tombstones further indicate that in most of the western empire, parallel-cousin marriages were not widely practiced among commoners, either. Jack Goody claimed that early Christian marriage rules forced a marked change from earlier norms to deny heirs to the wealthy and thus to increase the chance that those with wealth would will their property to the Church. Shaw and Saller, however, believe that the estates of aristocrats without heirs had previously been claimed by the emperor, and that the Church merely replaced the emperor.
Their view is that the Christian injunctions against cousin marriage were due more to ideology than to any conscious desire to acquire wealth. Marcus Aurelius also married his maternal first cousin Faustina the Youngerand they had 13 children. Cousin marriage was more frequent in Ancient Greeceand marriages between uncle and niece were also permitted there. A Greek woman who became epiklerosor heiress with no brothers, was obliged to marry her father's nearest male kin if she had not yet married and given birth to a male heir.
First in line would be either her father's brothers or their sons, followed by her father's sisters' sons. From the seventh century, the Irish Church only recognized four degrees of prohibited kinshipand civil law fewer.
co-brother-in-law - Wiktionary
This persisted until after the Norman conquests in the 11th century and the synod at Cashel in This led to a gradual shift in concern from affinal unions, like those between a man and his deceased wife's sister, to consanguineous unions.
By the s, Lewis Henry Morgan — was writing about "the advantages of marriages between unrelated persons" and the necessity of avoiding "the evils of consanguine marriage", avoidance of which would "increase the vigor of the stock". To many, Morgan included, cousin marriage, and more specifically parallel-cousin marriage, was a remnant of a more primitive stage of human social organization.
Briggs appointed a commission to study mentally handicapped people termed " idiots " in the state. This study implicated cousin marriage as responsible for idiocy. Within the next two decades, numerous reports e. When people talk about "cousins", they usually mean first cousins.
Cousin marriage - Wikipedia
A first cousin is the child of your parents' brothers or sisters. We also count other distant relatives as cousins. A second cousin is one of your parents' cousins' children. You can even talk about a "second cousin once removed", which is a complicated relationship that many English speakers have heard of, but only a few of us understand. You can read a full explanation on Wikipedia. Your brothers and sisters are also called your siblings.
The son of one of your siblings is your nephew, and the daughter of one of your siblings is your niece. In-Laws Your husband or wife's family are your in-laws. You call members of your spouse's family "mother-in-law", "brother-in-law", and so on. But that usually stops with immediate family.
For extended family, you need to explain the relationship more clearly: My wife's grandmother passed away last week. You can also call your child's wife or husband your "daughter-in-law" or "son-in-law": My daughter and son-in-law are in town this week.
More Complicated Family Relations Divorces, remarriages, and adoptions create other kinds of relationships. A step-mother or step-father is someone who's married to your father or mother.
If your step-mother or step-father has children from a previous relationship, those are your step-brothers or step-sisters. But if your parent and step-parent have a child together, that's your half-brother or half-sister. People who were adopted have a few other kinds of family members. They usually calls the people who adopted them "mother" and "father". These are their adoptive parents.
They call the mother and father who created them their "biological parents" or "birth parents".
- 33 English words and phrases for talking about your extended family
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Think through all of the people in your extended family and try to explain how they're related to you in English. Download the graphic The illustration at the top of this lesson shows some of the family relationships that we discussed. Download it as a PDF to learn more.