Italian language - Wikipedia
LangÉcole® is an ISO Certified, best language institute to learn an Indian and Foreign languages like French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, English, Kannada, in India, New Delhi, Bangalore. Course and exam dates Language courses in Heidelberg: German courses, English courses, Spanish courses, Italian Italy, Malta, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Brazil, Japan, China and Russia. Central location: F +U Academy of Languages is located near Bismarckplatz in the middle of the. slave trade center, this creole was formed in a context of slavery and language contact between Portuguese and several African languages of the oldest and most studied creole languages in the world, the earliest descriptions dating back to the mestizos were already 30% of the population, and in were near 70 %.
For some time, it was the language of preference for lyric poetry in Christian Hispaniamuch as Occitan was the language of the poetry of the troubadours in France. The Occitan digraphs lh and nh, used in its classical orthography, were adopted by the orthography of Portuguesepresumably by Gerald of Braga a monk from Moissacwho became bishop of Braga in Portugal inplaying a major role in modernizing written Portuguese using classical Occitan norms. Portugal became an independent kingdom inunder King Afonso I of Portugal.
InKing Denis of Portugal created the first Portuguese university in Lisbon the Estudos Gerais, which later moved to Coimbra and decreed for Portuguese, then simply called the "common language", to be known as the Portuguese language and used officially.
In the second period of Old Portuguese, in the 15th and 16th centuries, with the Portuguese discoveriesthe language was taken to many regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. By the midth century, Portuguese had become a lingua franca in Asia and Africa, used not only for colonial administration and trade but also for communication between local officials and Europeans of all nationalities.Learn Portuguese ★ Sleep Learning ★ Learn Basic Portuguese With Binaural Beats.
The language continued to be popular in parts of Asia until the 19th century. Portuguese women enjoy discussing their families and their traditions and will tell you all about their upbringing. Dating a Portuguese man Portuguese men are naturally handsome, with a dark Mediterranean complexion and - for those who live near the coast - a certain tanned and sun-kissed style.
In a country so renowned for its coastal beauty and seafood delicacies, you might not be surprised to hear that Portuguese men love the sea. While Portugal has a strong influence on Brazilian culture, Portuguese men are a little more reserved than their Brazilian counterparts. While more modern and progressive attitudes are slowly replacing more old-fashioned views, you should still be aware that Portuguese men tend to hold conservative and traditional views about their roles, and indeed the roles of the women in their lives.
These traditional attitudes extend to family, too.
Portuguese men are highly family-oriented and are highly loyal to their upbringings and local customs. Indeed, families here tend to take a stronger role in the personal lives of men than they do in some other western countries.
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Online dating sites in Portugal While online dating exists in Portugal, its market remains smaller than in some comparable European countries and the United States. Even with this in mind, as with online dating sites in other countries, you should always remain vigilant, as scams do happen. While English is likely to be fairly commonly spoken as a second language in more urban and cosmopolitan parts of Portugal, the language barrier might cause you some issues in more remote places. The Romance dialects of Italy can differ greatly from Italian at all levels phonologymorphologysyntaxlexiconpragmatics and are classified typologically as distinct languages.
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However, Romance vernacular as language spoken in the Apennine peninsula has a longer history. In fact, the earliest surviving texts that can definitely be called vernacular as distinct from its predecessor Vulgar Latin are legal formulae known as the Placiti Cassinesi from the Province of Benevento that date from —, although the Veronese Riddleprobably from the 8th or early 9th century, contains a late form of Vulgar Latin that can be seen as a very early sample of a vernacular dialect of Italy.
Dante's epic poems, known collectively as the Commediato which another Tuscan poet Giovanni Boccaccio later affixed the title Divina, were read throughout the peninsula and his written dialect became the "canonical standard" that all educated Italians could understand.
Dante is still credited with standardizing the Italian language. In addition to the widespread exposure gained through literature, the Florentine dialect also gained prestige due to the political and cultural significance of Florence at the time and the fact that it was linguistically an intermediate between the northern and the southern Italian dialects.
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Italian was progressively made an official language of most of the Italian states predating unification, slowly replacing Latin, even when ruled by foreign powers like Spain in the Kingdom of Naplesor Austria in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetiaeven though the masses kept speaking primarily their local vernaculars.
Italian was also one of the many recognised languages in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy has always had a distinctive dialect for each city because the cities, until recently, were thought of as city-states. Those dialects now have considerable variety. As Tuscan-derived Italian came to be used throughout Italy, features of local speech were naturally adopted, producing various versions of regional Italian.
The most characteristic differences, for instance, between Roman Italian and Milanese Italian are the gemination of initial consonants and the pronunciation of stressed "e", and of "s" in some cases: In contrast to the Gallo-Italic linguistic panorama of northern Italythe Italo-Dalmatian Neapolitan and its related dialects were largely unaffected by the Franco- Occitan influences introduced to Italy mainly by bards from France during the Middle Agesbut after the Norman conquest of southern ItalySicily became the first Italian land to adopt Occitan lyric moods and words in poetry.
Even in the case of Northern Italian languages, however, scholars are careful not to overstate the effects of outsiders on the natural indigenous developments of the languages. The economic might and relatively advanced development of Tuscany at the time Late Middle Ages gave its language weight, though Venetian remained widespread in medieval Italian commercial life, and Ligurian or Genoese remained in use in maritime trade alongside the Mediterranean.
The increasing political and cultural relevance of Florence during the periods of the rise of the Banco MediciHumanismand the Renaissance made its dialect, or rather a refined version of it, a standard in the arts.
Renaissance[ edit ] The Renaissance era, known as il Rinascimento in Italian, was seen as a time of "rebirth", which is the literal meaning of both renaissance from French and rinascimento Italian.