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When large stones form in the kidney or the urinary tract it can cause severe pain, infection of the urinary tract and damage the kidneys. Surgery to remove the stones and a parathyroid gland surgery are two of the methods that are used in cases that require extensive treatment. The surgery to remove the kidney stones is called a percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
This procedure is a common medical surgery. Wherein, the doctor makes an incision and then either removes or breaks down the stone or so that it can pass through the system easily. The excessive production of hormones by the parathyroid gland can also cause one to develop stones. Removing the thyroid gland can stop the growth of kidney stones.
Therefore a surgery to remove the parathyroid gland is also used in the treatment of kidney stones. How is the treatment done? When the surgery to remove kidney stones begins the patient is administered with general anesthesia.
The surgeon then makes a small incision in the back, stomach or side of the patient depending on the location of the stone. With the help of mini telescopic equipment or an ureteroscope, the surgeon locates the kidney stone s. The stones are then removed or broken into smaller parts with the help of special tools.
After the stones have been removed the wound is then stitched and closed. The anesthesia then wears off and the patient regains consciousness. The patient is normally discharged in a day or two after the surgery.
Kidney Stones Treatment: Procedure, Cost, Side Effects and Types Of Kidney Stones Treatment
If the kidney stones are formed due to excess production of hormones by the thyroid gland then the doctor might recommend a surgery to remove the parathyroid gland. This procedure will help to prevent the stones from developing. This procedure involves the surgeon making an incision in the neck where the gland is located and removing the glands that are enlarged. The patient is unconscious during the procedure and regains consciousness after the effects of anesthesia wear off.
The patient is kept in observation for a few days and usually recovers in a week. Who is eligible for the treatment? When is the treatment done? The reasons when surgery is used to remove kidney stones are as follows: When the stones are large and complex the doctor will recommend surgery. Attacks of such pain are called biliary colic. Other symptoms include abdominal bloating, belching, indigestion and nausea. How Gallstones are diagnosed? In addition to the typical symptoms of gallstone disease, Ultrasound is the most common specific and sensitive test to diagnose gallstones.
What is the treatment for Gallstones? Gallstones are best treated by an operation that involves removal of the gall bladder. This is called Cholecystectomy. The traditional method of Cholecystectomy was by open surgery through a long cut under the right side of rib cage.
Gall stones do not go away on their own. Non surgical treatments usually do not work and are offered to patients who are unfit to undergo surgery. Some medicines do exists that may dissolve the gallstones.
Butstones usually recur after these treatments. Silent stones that have been detected by chance and never caused any symptoms do not need treatment. But once they have started to cause symptoms, it is likely that they will continue to do so unless gall bladder is removed.
What happens if Gallstones are not treated? Gallstones can block the flow of bile out of the gallbladder causing it to swell, called Cholecystitis. Gall stones may slip out of the gallbladder into the bile duct and can block the flow of bile causing jaundice, or they may cause acute inflammation of the pancreas called pancreatitis.
Kidney Stones Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects
Once the gall stones have slipped and blocked the bile ductit becomes necessary to remove the stones in the bile duct by a procedure called ERCP and then to proceed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Studies also indicate that post-menopausal state is a high risk for gallbladder cancer.
Gallbladder cancer can be asymptomatic and non-palpable till it advances to late stage. Therefore often it is detected at advanced stage with poor prognosis, by then it might have spread to the liver and adjacent lymph nodes. In Many cases, GBC has been incidentally diagnosed at the time of laparoscopy or diagnosed after a gallbladder surgery for a gallbladder disease.
Since gallstones are a common risk factor, one may wonder if removal of gallbladder may provide a solution to preventing cancer! Gall stones are a very common finding, but gallbladder cancer is a very rare disease. Not all women with gall stones will have a gallbladder cancer.
Unless the gall stone are a cause of severe pain or symptom, surgery is unwarranted. Hence the need for surgical removal must outweigh the possible risks even in case of cancer.
Like all other cancers, minimizing the risk factors is the key to reducing our vulnerability to a disease. Risk factors such as ethnicity, gender or age are not with-in our control.