Dengue fever in Bangalore - India Travel Forum | thebluetones.info
I contracted dengue fever in Bangalore in October () due to being bitten by mosquitoes at work. My symptoms were mild: high fever and a pins-and- needles rash, but it breakbone fever sounds more like chikungunya, which causes I'm now dating someone Indian so avoiding travel in India is not. Free Mobile App · Jobs · Financial Solutions · Rewards · Events · Dating · Offers · Shop · Garden Two friends who have recently visited an area near Bangalore in South by mosquitoes that bite during the day as well as during the night. Dengue fever is normally an uncomplicated illness that requires. Author Summary Dengue is a mosquito borne disease prevalent in Further a change in the population size of dengue 2 viruses in India as depicted by Bayesian Skyline plot is reported. 10U of Avian Myeloblastosis Virus reverse transcriptase (Bangalore Bayesian MCMC molecular dating analysis.
The virus The virus causing chikungunya fever is an Alphavirus of the family Togaviridae whose genome consists of a linear, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA molecule, a to nm diameter capsid, and a phospholipid envelope [ 45 ].
Three lineages with distinct genotypic and antigenic characteristics have been identified from Chikungunya virus isolates collected from various geographical areas. These include the West-African phylogroup, the East, Central, and Southern African phylogroup, and the Asian phylogroup [ 162021 ]. This mutation is postulated to have facilitated the replication and transmission of the virus by reducing the cholesterol dependence of the virus [ 2223 ].
The vector Chikungunya fever is transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes of the genus Aedes in the Asian region. Aedes aegypti is considered to be the principal vector, and Aedes albopictus Asian tiger mosquito has also recently emerged as an important vector.
Adult mosquitoes rest in cool and shady areas and bite humans during daytime.
Molecular mechanism The principal cell types infected by chikungunya are fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and lymphoid cells [ 25 ]. An antibody-dependent enhancement mechanism similar to that suggested for Dengue viruses [ 27 ] has also been implicated in the pathogenesis.
Interferon gamma and IL levels have been observed to rise dramatically during the acute phase of chikungunya fever. The level of IL returns to normalcy in patients who recover. In contrast, patients who develop chronic arthritis show persistently high IL levels. Histologic examination of synovia from patients with chronic arthritis following chikungunya fever has revealed joint inflammation due to macrophages containing viral material.
Metalloprotease MMP2 also contributes to tissue damage. Chikungunya virus leads to apoptosis through both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathway [ 28 ]. Clinical manifestations Systemic features Chikungunya fever is known to affect all age groups.
Both males and females are equally affected. The incubation period ranges between 2 to 7 days [ 428 ]. Most cases of chikungunya fever are self limiting, with recovery as the usual outcome [ 30 ].
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Table 1 Systemic manifestations associated with chikungunya infection. Air-borne viral infections are often mild and can cause minor infections in adults.
However, senior citizens and young children are more vulnerable to these infections and need to take proper care. Moulds growing on humid surfaces including your clothes and moist areas of the skin, can also be dangerous during the season.
Dengue-like viral fever on the rise in the city
However, mould-induced infections are often mild in nature and can be treated easily. Prevention is better than cure: Dr Harish also shared some measures to ensure that monsoons become an enjoyable experience without hampering health. It is advised to keep young kids and infants inside during the rain or during monsoon season as young children tend to fall sick frequently during this season.
Kids should be kept away from rain till the weather stabilises. Infections during the monsoon usually start with tonsillitis, cold and cough and gradually spread to the rest of the body.
Symptoms of viral fever are body and muscle pain, headache, joint pain, redness of eyes, skin rash and nasal congestion. Some people also experience nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. The treatment of viral fever is entirely symptomatic and it usually comes down after four or five days.
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Here are some home remedies for viral symptoms: To keep in mind: Avoid self medication with antibiotics. Though it is highly contagious, the chances of it turning life-threatening are quite rare. If symptoms are severe or long lasting, visit your doctor to rule out any bacterial infection.
Flu vaccines can often prove useful and one needs to take a booster every year.